The Arts and Crafts Movement owed its origin to a number of artists, writers, industrialists and philosophers who reacted to the brutality of England’s 19th century Industrial Revolution. Their aims were to beautify practical things, such as houses or furnishings, by emphasising natural materials and individual craftmanship. In their respect for the environment, they anticipated many of the features of the Environmental Movement today.

c7bjohnruskinThe Movement found early inspiration from the art critic, social reformer and author, John Ruskin (pictured left), although the man who gave it reality was William Morris.